There are over 4200 (and counting) known mineral species. The most common minerals are feldspar, quartz and mica on the surface. These minerals used in the jewelry trade are common and form various rock types (ranging from basalt to granite to rarer hard rocks).
Rare, small (accessory) minerals are of collector’s value and are often not known on the gemstone market, as they are seldom worth cutting for faceting. Thus, the best-known gemstones that we offer are neither part of the very common minerals nor the very rare minerals that are not worth cutting. Again, only a handful of these are suitable as investments. This is due to their 4 C’s as well as their beauty combined with rarity.
Unfortunately, these gemstones only occur in a few places – this is what makes their rarity different from the mostly unknown minerals, which number over 4200 species. There are reasons why rubies, colorful sapphires and emeralds, the most well-known examples of gemstones, only occur in a few localities. There is also a reason why the well-known, high-quality olivines, tourmalines and spinels occur in small areas separated from each other.
After the formation of the earth, the gems were not formed everywhere, nor at all times. Small, rare and diverse find areas are proof that the earth only produces special gemstones under very specific conditions. These rare localities can only be assigned to a few ages worldwide and are mostly continents apart.
And that’s exactly what’s exciting: The gemstones of this world were formed when the earth’s mantle and the movements of the crust and external influences from the outside all fit to form this gemstone. Thousands of kilometers apart, small areas of precious stones formed within a few million years, which we humans know today as mining areas with a diameter of only a few meters. As hundreds of millions of years have passed, other gems have emerged in other, different places.
Today we can only begin to understand this process, but we know that it was only through the right combination of chemistry, temperature and pressure that a certain type of gemstone was produced in a few places and has remained accessible to us today. Through exploration we find these gems and work them up into the attractive collectible and investment gems. Nevertheless, there are no fewer scientists in this area, since the remaining find areas have to be researched more intensively and the prices for gemstones due to their rarity make it economically possible to explore further and smaller areas for the gemstones. This means that the mined gems must become increasingly rare.
With technology we are now living in a golden age of mining and grinding, with geological maps detailed enough to scour even the smallest of areas for promising gems.
With the latest knowledge of production, cutting quality, quality of the cut stone and the decreasing market, investors can now put on a “golden glove”. A real partner who knows all these facets without taking advantage is essential – knowledge is the guarantee for the qualities of the value retention and the natural increase in value of the timeless stones.